Как известно, «два еврея – три мнения». Израиль своей операцией в Газе усугубил разрыв между, с одной стороны, сионистами и заступниками Израиля и, с другой, религиозными и светскими евреями, которые отвергают сионизм и саму идею отдельного государства для евреев. Но ещё больше евреев колеблется где-то посередине. Многие уже давно критикуют действия Израиля, но не ставят […]
Traditionally, Judaic thinkers considered science as an indispensable tool for understanding Torah and the world, which, in their view, it embodied. It is only in the last two centuries and only in certain Jewish communities in Europe and North America that Judaic thinkers began to take a more cautious attitude to scientific activity. Jews have been disproportionately active in science. In certain countries, Jews chose science as a refuge from discrimination, where meritocracy was expected to reign supreme.
The question of Jews in science has a long history of conflicting claims. AntiSemites have blamed the Jews for contaminating the otherwise “pure science” with Jewish ideas. In some countries, this claim has led to discrimination, dismissal, and emigration.
This lecture analyses the evolution of religious and social attitudes to science since mid-19th century, i.e. since science became a professional activity in most advanced countries.
Yakov M. Rabkin is the Professor of History at the University of Montréal. He has published and edited five books and more than three hundred articles. His book, A Threat from Within: A Century of Jewish Opposition to Zionism is now available in fifteen languages. His most recent book is Comprendre l’État d’Israël, also published in Japanese and Russian.